The indicator AIR evaluates the greenhouse gas emissions directly and indirectly related to the life cycle of a product (CFP) or to an organization (GHGI).

Product Carbon Footprint (CFP): is a life cycle analysis referring to a wine bottle of 0,75 liters.

The life cycle of wine bottles includes four major phases: vineyard management, transformation of grapes into wine and bottling, distribution of bottles, refrigeration and disposal of glass (called respectively vineyard, winery, distribution and consumption).

This analysis allows producers and consumers to understand which processes included in the life cycle of a product have the greater impact on climate change, giving them the opportunity to reduce the impacts over the time.

Greenhouse Gas Inventory (GHGI): is an analysis referred to a wine company and measure the emissions related to the organization activities allowing the producers to implement effective strategies to reduce the impact on climate change.

In accordance with the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse gas that should be included are: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs).

Reference documents: UNI EN ISO/TS 14067- Principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and communication of the carbon footprint of a product; UNI EN ISO 14064-1 - Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals.

CONTACT:  Grillo Stefania

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